Disc BrakesThere has always been a more sophisticated, upscale attitude about disc brakes. For one thing, disc brakes outperform drum brakes by a wide margin. Disc brakes dont fade. Disc brakes are simple compared to drum brakes. Disc brakes tolerate hard braking better than drums.
To understand how a disc brake works, we have to understand the design. First, we have either floating or fixed caliper disc brakes. Then we have one-, four-, or six-piston calipers. Disc brake caliper pistons do the same thing wheel cylinder pistons do in a drum brake. They transfer fluid pressure to the friction material that stops us. The more pistons we have in a disc brake, the better. First generation Mustang disc brakes (1965-67) have four-piston disc brake calipers. This means we have four pistons transferring pressure to brake pads on both sides of the rotor. A four-piston disc brake applies more uniform pressure to a brake rotor.
From 1968-up, Ford went to a single-piston, floating caliper disc brake that became a mainstay on Fords for many years. One large piston transfers fluid pressure to brake pads on both sides of the rotor. Because the caliper floats, pressure is applied to both sides of the rotor. Simply put, the caliper squeezes the rotor.